domingo, 17 de julio de 2016

3. Grammar: the future

(I'm) going to (do)

To express intention. The speaker had the intention before the time of speaking:
I’m going to visit Bob tomorrow.
To make a prediction based on present evidence:
The sun’s going down. It’s going to be dark in half an hour.
  1 Answer the questions. You are going to do all these things but you haven't done them yet. Use going to and the word(s) in brackets.
  1. Have you cleaned the car? (tomorrow) Not yet. I'm going to clean it tomorrow.
  2. Have you phoned Sally? (later) Not yet. ______________
  3. Have you done the shopping? (this afternoon) Not yet. ______________
  4. Have you read the paper? (after dinner) Not ______________
  5. Have you had dinner? (just) ______________
2 .  Complete the sentences with was/were going to + one of these verbs:
give up                        have               phone               play                travel
  1. We were going to ____________ by train but then we decided to go by car instead.
  2. We ______________ tennis yesterday but it rained all day.
  3. I ______________ Jim, but I decided to write him a letter instead.
  4. When I last saw Tim, he ______________ his job but in the end he decided not to.
  5. We ______________ a party last week but some of our friends couldn't come, so we cancelled it.


will (’11) + bare infinitive: I will (I’ll) go, etc. Short form of will not: won’t

To make a statement of fact or a prediction about the future:
Sam will be here tomorrow.
Tonight’s programme will be very interesting.
To express an intention when the decision is made at the time of speaking:
A: There isn’t any milk left.
B: Oh, isn’t there? I’ll get some in town. I’m going there later on.
To make offers or suggestions or to ask for suggestions, advice, instructions. Use Shall I/we ... in the question form:
Shall I help you with that? (offer)
Shall we invite them round for dinner? (suggestion)
What shall I do?
Shall we come round after dinner?

 1 Complete the sentences with I'll + a suitable verb.
  1. I'm too tired to walk home. I think I'll get a taxi.
  2. 'It's a bit cold in this room.' 'Is It? ______________ on the heating then.'
  3. 'We haven't got any milk.' 'Oh, haven't we? ______________ and get some.'
  4. 'Do you want me to do the washing-up?' 'No, it's all right. ______________ it.'
  5. 'I don't know how to use this computer.' 'OK, ______________ you.'
  6. 'Would you like tea or coffee? '______________ coffee, please.'
  7. 'Goodbye! Have a nice holiday.' 'Thanks. ______________ you a postcard.'
  8. Thank you for lending me your camera. ______________ it back to you on Monday, OK?
  9. 'Are you coming with us?' 'No, I think ______________ here.'

2.  What do you say in these situations? Write sentences with shall I/we ...?
  1. You and a friend want to do something this evening but you don't know what. You ask your friend. What shall we do this evening?
  2. You try on a jacket in a shop. You are not sure whether to buy it or not. You ask a friend for advice. ______________ it?
  3. It's Ann's birthday next week. You want to give her a present but you don't know what. You ask a friend for advice. What ______________
  4. You and a friend are going on holiday together but you haven't decided where. You ask him/her. ______________
  5. You and a friend are going out. You haven't decided whether to go by car or to walk. You ask him/her ______________

3. Complete the sentences using will ('ll) or going to.
  1. A: Why are you turning on the television?
  B: I'm going to watch the news. (I/watch)
  2. A: Oh, I've just realised. I haven't got any money.
  B: Haven't you? Well, don't worry. ______________ you some. (I/lend)
  3. A: I've got a headache.
  B: Have you? Wait there and ______________ an aspirin for you. (I/get)
  4. A: Why are you filling that bucket with water?
  B: ______________ the car. (I/wash)
  5. A: I've decided to repaint this room.
  B: Oh, have you? What colour ______________ it? (you/paint)

Will be doing and will have done

1 Read about Colin. Then you have to tick (T) the sentences which are true. In each group of sentences at least one is true.
  Colin goes to work every day. He leaves home at 8 o'clock and arrives at work at about 8.45. He starts work immediately and continues until 12.30 when he has lunch (which takes about half an hour). He starts work again at 1.15 and goes home at exactly 4.30. Every day he follows the same routine and tomorrow will be no exception.

  1. At 7.45
  a. he'll be leaving the house
  b. he'll have left the house
  c. he'll be at home (T)
  d. he'll be having breakfast (T)

  2. At 8.15
  a. he'll be leaving the house
  b. he'll have left the house
  c. he'll have arrived at work
  d. he'll be arriving at work

  3. At 9.15
  a. he'll be working
  b. he'll start work
  c. he'll have started work
  d. he'll be arriving at work

  4. At 12.45
  a. he'll have lunch
  b. he'll behaving lunch
  c. he'll have finished his lunch
  d. he'll have started his lunch

  5. At 4 o'clock
  a. he'll have finished work
  b. he'll finish work
  c. he'll be working
  d. he won't have finished work

  6. At 4.45
  a. he'll leave work
  b. he'll be leaving work
  c. he'll have left work
  d. he'll have arrived home

 2 Put the verb into the correct form, will be (do)ing or will have (done).
  1. Don't phone me between 7 and 8. We'll be having (we/have) dinner then.
  2. Phone me after 8 o'clock. ______________ (we/finish) dinner by then.
  3. Tomorrow afternoon we're going to play tennis from 3 o'clock until 4.30. So at 4 o'clock, ______________ (we/play) tennis.
  4. A: Can we meet tomorrow afternoon?
  B: Not in the afternoon. ______________ (I/work).
  5. B has to go to a meeting which begins at 10 o'clock. It will last about an hour.
  A: Will you be free at 11.30?
  B: Yes, ______________ (the meeting/finish) by that time.
  6. Tom is on holiday and he is spending his money very quickly. If he continues like this, ______________ (he/spend) all his money before the end of his holiday.

  7. Chuck came to Britain from the USA nearly three years ago. Next Monday it will be exactly three years. So on Monday, ______________ (he/be) in Britain for exactly three years.
  8. Do you think ______________ (you/still/do) the same job in ten years' time?
  9. Jane is from New Zealand. She is travelling around Europe at the moment. So far she has travelled about 1,000 miles. By the end of the trip, ______________ (she/travel) more than 3,000 miles.
  10. If you need to contact me, ______________ (I/stay) at the Lion Hotel until Friday.
  11. A: ______________ (you/see) Laura tomorrow?
  B: Yes, probably. Why?
  A: I borrowed this book from her. Can you give it back to her?

Writing: : What are you doing tonight?


Writing: What are you going to do next week end?


Writing: What will you do next summer?

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